Midweek Review

The later rulers of Lanka

by Dr. P.V.D. Fernando
n interesting Article "Sri Lankan King abducted and taken to China" by Deepthi Anura Jayatunga, appeared in the Saturday magazine of The Island a few weeks ago.

During the Dambadeniya Era, a Rajput warrior Prince Rajaputra Thakura came to Lanka-Ceylon and married the Princess daughter of King Parakkrama Bahu III. She was the sister of the then reigning King Vijaya Bahu III and later when General Mitta assassinated King Vijaya Bahu IV and then ascended the throne at his new capital in Polonnaruwa but before his Coronation demanded that all Royalty-Kshatriyas Sub-Kings Governors of provinces to come and pay homage to him.

Obeying orders Rajaputra Thakura the uncle of the assassinated King Vijaya Bahu IV went to Polonnaruwa and entered ‘The Audience Hall’ with the uncrowned King-General Mitta seated on his new throne awaiting his due homage, obeisance i.e. Bowing the head low, he Rajaputra Thankura whilst raising his bowed head; He in this same moment quickly withdrew his own imperious sword and in one stroke immediately slew and severed the head of General Mitta who was seated imperiously nodding in acceptance response slightly bowing; and the decapitated CAPUT fell down and rolled away on the carperted Terrrra Firma, which he Rajaputra Thakura contemptiously and dutifully kicked off this fallen decapited head which continued rolling away and then raised to the throne his other nephew as the true royal successor of the assassinated dead nephew king Vijaya Bahu IVth much to the surprise of the assembled audience at this Audience Hall.

The new king shifted to his new Capital at Yapahuwa and his successor again shifted his capital to Jathigampura-Dedigama. Then King Parakkrama Bahu Vth shifted his capital from Jathigampura - Dedigama to Gampola for further safety in that impending difficult period.

During the reign of his sussessor King Bhuveneka Bahu Vth who had his capital at Gampola the King of Jaffna Ariya Chakrawarthi in his audacious regional expansion placed his ‘Tamil Inscription’ at Kotagama Rambukkana i.e. South of Gampola i.e. this ‘Kotagama Tamil Inscription on solid Granite which was described in ‘The Report of the Kegalla District of the Province of Sabaragamuwa; H. C. P. Bell published in 1904 A.D.; The English translation read thus, Hail the young woman Anuriar did not submit (belong to) Arayan of Singha City with loud Lamentations (great swelling noise) showed (their) bracelets close to (their) pairs of Javelin (like) Eyes (and) rested (their) Lotus (like) Wrists (hand covered with) beautiful Bangles.

Whilst recalling the late Gampola and Kandyan Period, the pallanquin bearers bore the family names, Chinna Konar, Periya Konar, Illangai Konar and others were Amara Konar, Tenna Konar, Weera Konnar all Konars from Chola Rata and these official pallanquin bearers were very influential in the royal palace.

Today these descendants of The Chola Rata Konars have dropped their terminal ‘ARS’ to the remaining resultant ‘KON’ and cocooned themselves as Sinhala Koons Periya Konars to Periya Kon to Periya Koon

Chinnar Konar to Chinna Kon to Chinnakoon

Illagai Konar to Illinggkon Kon

Amara Konars to Amarakon to Amarakoon

Tenna Konars to Tennakon to Tennakoon

Weera Konars to Weera Kon to Weerakoon

Alanga Konars to Alanga Kon to Alangakoon.

Amongst these Chola Immigrants Alagakonar was the most famous and powerful too and it was mentioned they sometimes got elevated to Provincial Ministers and high office much to the suprice of many may be not due to the influence of the Ran Doli Queens but today to the Yakada Doli - The Iron pallanquin bearers who only were Courteseans - literarily prostitutes of the Royal Court who function mainly during the night hours and were always of the 1 lower weanse group i.e. Brachmana, Vaise and sometimes even Shudra if pretty and really beautiful corresponding to the lower Kula i.e. the Bamunu Velanda and sometimes the lowest 4th Kula - the Goi. Thus the Alaga Konars the famous amongst them had the spoken reputation of even being Prime Minister for ten generations from the Gampola period onwards.

The last of these Konars Prime Minister Alaga Konar i.e. Alagakon was sent by the Gampola king Bhuveneka Bahu the Vth to explore and find a suitable place to lied a Palace and fortress close to the Western sea coast and build his new capital due to the ever expanding i.e. regional wise of this King of Jaiina-Ariya Chakkrawarthi and thus Alagakonar the Prime Minister built Jayawardanapura Kottei i.e. Kottei being the Tamil word for fortress or Fort as the Sinhala derivative Kottuwa which thus could not be the Aetiological derrivative or Kottei. Thus Jayawardanapura Kottei became the place of this Suriya Vamse King Bhuvenaka Bahu Vth who then transferred his capital from Gampola to Jayawardanapura Kottei as he found himself threatened by Ariya Chakkrawarthi the Jaffna King as he had the audacity to inscribe on solid granite rock his Tamil Instruction at Kotagama Rambukkana and thus having feared strangulation and virtual captivity even pnysically wise as this inscription was at Parana Kuru Korale South of Gampola. Of course it was only in the British Period as Aluth Kuru Korale and Parana Kuru Korale were contiguous and thus this Parana Kuru Korale was separated and joined to the Sabaragamuva Province, after being separated from the Western Province.

Of course Alagakonar was also called Alakeswara by the historians and ironically he Alakesvara embellished on the top of the facade of this Grand Entrance of Jayawardana Pura Kotte fortress which he literarily and imperiously did so quite dutifully to his Chalar Clan the family Chola Emblem ‘The Tiger Pulli Mukkam’ the tiger face for all to stair at and blink with AWE and thus forcefully all had to pay respect and bow their head when passing underneath this grand entrance of this Fortresseo Kottei whilst the King Bhuvaneka Bahu Vth a Suriya wamse king was almost a puppet in Alkesvera’s hands and then by just dropping the last letter he periscopes factor this Jayawardana Pura Kottei changed its name to Jayawardanapure Kotte.

H. C. P. Bell in his ‘The report of the Kegalla District’ page 92 states thus ‘The one name that stands out prominently against the haze of history of that time is that of Alagak kondra or Alakesvaraja probably a mere cognomen of a powerful Gotra of Dravidian stock rich high born and talented tracing descent from Girivamse of Vengi South India (Alagavamse, Rajaratnakara, Nikaya Sangrahawe).

The Minister ‘Conar’ whom Iban Batuta mistook for a King (Bhuvanaka Bahu IVth) when passing through Conacar (Kurunegala) in 1344 A.D. Mahavamse English Translation page 320. The mighty Prince or great Wisdom Alagakonar by name who quited Peradeniya to found Kotte during the Region of Vikrama Bahu IIIrd (Mahavamse translation English page 320 the stout Opposer of the Chinese and ariya Chakravarthi the Jaffna Ruler between 1405-1410 (Mahavamse English translation doubtless particularize different members of the Clan which for fifty years a move virtually swayed the destinies of the Island. The explanatory connection to Buvaneka Bahu Vth with Sannas of 1397 and 1400 A.D. proves that Buvaneka Bahu Vth was real and (physical) yes accurate not in keeping with the Mahavamse English translation.

Nikaya Sangrahawa states Ching Ho Chinese General plundered Alak Konae Jaursh Alagakonar captive and deportation of Ceylon King (Kijaya Bahu VIth vide page 87 Nikaya Sangrahawa), Captives released by Chinese Seay-pa-naena. ‘The wisest of the family appointed Vassal King afterwards styled Pulako-ma Bazah Lavha (Parakrama Bahu Mahavamse English translation vide ante page 81-Accession of Sri Parakrama Bahu VIth and reliable regarding restoration of Seay-Panae-na to the Ceylon. Throne in 1411-1412 A.D. (Tennent), (81B) after building and occupation of Jayawardana Pura, Kottei and Raigam Nuwara (The Matara Sandesaya 16-65 stanzas, Rajavaliya).

Minister Alagakonara of the day may had gradually acquired sufficient influence on the Sea Board to make himself independent of King Buvaneka Bahu reigning at Gampola. He or his younger brother may have ursurped the Title of his Quandem Surazin vide Mahavamse.

This man Alagakkonara became king in that City (Kottei) by the name of Buvaneka Bahu Vth (Mahavamse English translation 320; but the assertion is quite unsupported even by Narendrath Arthawa Lokanapradipikawa and indirectly negatived by the Rajavaliya narrative Buvaneka Bahu may have permitted his uttering brother Vira Bahu (Vijaya Bahu VIth to occupy the Throne of Kotte (where possibly he resided) as EPA prior to his installation as Raja in 1391 A.D., all Edicts continuing to issue in the name of his former.

The true circumstances which led to the death of Alagakonara and the Coronation of Sri Parakrama Bahu VIth may well be ignored as the Youthful Parakrama Bahu was concluded in the four (4) korales of Swasthi Sri Vaisiwata Manu Saukyatha Maha Samatha Paramparanuydra SURIYAVAMSA SOIBHUTA SUMITRA RAJAPUTRA Gothrahi by Sinhala Chronicle anxious to eliminate from the National and much of the disgrace of foreign conquest, H. C. P. Bells page 92-94.

Thus Jayatunga’s prominent statement that Vira Alakeswara’s Aon became Ruler of Lanka taking the title of Parakrama Bahu VIth 1412-1467 and ruled for a further period of 55 years etc. is fit for the W. paper basket as it was historically proved that the Authentic Parakrama Bahu VIth was a Ku-Rukule as he was always proud of his Makara Kodiya and that these Alakeswaras were Cholians as they had the Audacity to have ‘Pulli Mukam’ Tiger Face, on the facade entrance gate of the fortress he built on the orders of King Buvaneka Bahu Vth of Gampola who was threatened by Ariya Chakrawarthy King of Jaffna who placed this Granite Rock Stone Inscription in Tamil. The Kotagama Tamil Inscription at Kotagama Rambukkana vide ante and also had this ‘Pulli Mukam’ Tiger Face on the four Ramparts too.

During the Regime of this Suriyavamsa King Sri Sangabo Parakrama Bahu VIth whose kingdom was threatened by the recent powerful then powerful and obviously rebellious Perl Diving Dravidian fishing caste — the Mukkugarsi.e. Mukkuvas who had settled down; whose main occupation was diving for the famous Pearls Oyesters along the North Western Coast around Puttalam, the Pearl Fisheries Bank to obtain the fabulous large Pearls and thus due to their world recognised trade in pearls became very financially stable for several centuries, occupied and settled down on the North Western Sea Coast from Puttalam to Pooneryn specially with the Arab Moors; They these Hindy Mukkuvars with their undue power built their Mukkuwa Fortress at Puttalam and audaciously threatened the Soverign Kotte King while many of these Hindu Mukkuvars were converted to the Muslim Faith as usual as time passed by.

King Parakrama Bahu VIth causiously sent his Son-in-law Prince Nallurthan who had married Princess Ulakudaya Devi his daughter. Prince Nallurthan in his Granite Stone Inscriptions was named Nanaim-Ru-miha whom the Sinhala commentators called him derisively Nannuru Thunaya; as Nannuru in Tamil stands for the numeral 400 and Thuna is 3 in Sinhala thus contemptuously naming him so that 400 out of 403 reffered and showed him as to have more than 99% South Indian Blood even though he was born a Suriyawamse.

Prince Nallurthan called by the Sinhala Nannuru Thunaya was sent to his country of birth South India and he recruited an Army from Kanchipura, Keelakarai and Kaverpattanam a formidable Army of 7740 armed soldiers led by Eight Generals the leaders being Kurukula Natu Thevar (Devar), Vaccanattu Thevar (Devar), Manikka Thalaivan et al of this Kahatriya Kaurawamse Army to destroy this Mukkuwa Fortress at Puttalam and suppress this Rebelious Horde-i.e. this then powerful South Indian Pearl Diving Dravidian Mukkawas.

The accient original Devar associated with the Imperial Throne i.e., over two thousand two Millenei ago of Lanka Ceylon was Devanam Piyatissa whom the Sinhala Corniclers later recently explained as Deveeni pe Tissa to hide and camouflage its true Ethnological meaning of course ridiculously, for even the Mahavamse written by Thero Mahaname could not give any other name but gave the Factual Authentic yes true name Devanam Piyatissa thus showving decisively that he was an original Devar named Piyatissa which some later Sinhala translaters or coppyist subsituted explanation of course a rediculous one trnslated as a yes. The Second Hour Piyatissa almost to tell that he was gazing at the night sky for two hours and thus have been in not in compose mentis.

At the ensuing battle field of this Mukkara Hatana at the entrance to this Fort of Puttalam (Mukkuwa) the Third General Manikka Thalaivan fell in battle and thus later his two orphaned sons under aged i.e. Sembahap Perumal. i.e. Xemba in Portuguese and Sapumal in Sinhala, Kumara and his younger brother Kadai Kumara later Ambulugala Raja were both gratiously adopted by the kind King Sri Sangabo Parakrama Bahu VIth and later Sembahap Perumal who after defeating King Ariya Chakrawarthy of Jaffna was sent as Governor of Jaffna and he later ascended the throne of Kotte as King Bhuvenaka Bahu VIth and his younger brother succeeded i.e.Kadei Kumar - Ambulugala Raja who were earlier when very young and orphaned were adopted by the grateful and kind king Sri Sangobo Parakrama Bahu VIth. Later Sembahap Perumal after defeating King Ariya Chakravarty of Jaffna was sent as Governor of Jaffna and who later ascended his throne of Kotte as Bhuvenaka Bahu VIth and later his younger brother Kadei Kumar-Ambulugala Raja as Vira Parakrama Bahu the VIIIth.

Whilst being Governor of Jaffna Sembahap Perumal-Senanayake Sapumal Kumara built the original Nallur Kandesamy Kovil which was later destroyed during the Portuguese occupation period and the Portuguese built the St. James Church a warrior saint on this same demolished site and during the British Era this inentical St. James Church was again destroyed as it was a Roman Catholic Church which in the eyes of the Imperial British who were Christian under the English Reformed Church of England who caste an equal blind eye to this destruction of the Portuguese Roman Catholic Church by the fervent Hindus who were Vishnuvites as the Kings of Jaffna (never followers of God Siva) from the Sembahap Perumal days and these Vishnuvaits built the present Nallur Kandasamy Kovil with greater splendour as its stands today.

The Chulavamse the cotinuation of the greater Mahavamsa regarding the post Kotte era never ever mentioned a word of the Mukkara Hatana Episode of the Sri Parakrama Bahu Era may be as an anti Kaurawamsa Kshatriya bitter after taste; by these original Sinhala compilers or else expunged entirely this Mukkara Hatana Episode by later coppyists who were of the Shudrawamsa Goi Kula where they could not comprehend that the Suriyawamse Kings who ruled Lanka Ceylon from ancient days after the arrival of the first Suriyawamsa King Vijaya and continued to do so till even the Kotte Era and later on till even King Sri Wickrama Rajasingham from Kerala till 1815 A. D. were all Kshatriya Wamse Raja Kula and thus this Mukkara Hatana was completely omitted or expunged from the recorded Annals of History but remained as an Ola Leaf Manuscript which luckily Hugh Neville rescued as many as he could lay his hands on, being an influential senior civil Servant at that time and he presented to the London Museum his total Collection which in his eagernous collected a massive collection his hand could lay on which he presented to the London museum which are thus preserved to this day as no copies are ever found in the local museums in Colombo or Kandy which thus exposes the total elimination nay destruction of these old historical data giving a clue to caste Kula and Wamsa of the new emerging Shudra Goi Kula who wanted to attain Raja Kula Kshatriya Wamse Status sputnick-wise eventhough they are unable to change their inherited Genes D. N. A. by any possible ways means or medical transformation. Thus this Ola Leaf Manuscript Mukkara Hatana or 6606 which was translated and published in ‘The Karawa of Ceylon Society and Culture’ in 1956 by M. D. Raghavan — the Colombo Museum Ethnorlogist and published by K. V. G. de Silva and Sons, Kandy.