An extract from a statement by Rohana Wijeweera
to Inspector P. V. W. de Silva of the CID on April 16, 1970.
According to the social ethos prevailing in Sri
Lanka I undersfoot that the Moscow and the Peking wings of the
communist party were not communist oriented so I decided to
establish a new communist party and its manifesto thus.
1) To transform the neo colonialist society to a
socialist oriented society.
2) To eradicate the neo colonialist economy and
create a socialist economy.
3) To free Sri Lanka from the neo colonialist
forces of British and, American Imperialism and Indian
4) To develop a real socialist economy.
A UNP youth league member of the UNP from
Gonahena coveyed an important message to the party leader J. R.
Jayewardene. He said "Those occupying the room next to mine in
Kotahena are planning to "assassinate the Prime Minister and
take over the country." That was a fine opportunity for J.R. and
he got the youth league member to continue spying for him. Hence
this youth Edison Gunatilake continued to carry information
about one of JVPís key operations which was to capture the
"queen bee" as it was easy to take the bee hive once the queen
bee is captured and similarly itís easy to topple a government
once the leader is captured, J. R. manoeuvured the pawn in the
chess board . His spy eavesdropped on a conversation Kularatne
Banda alias Piyasiri Kularatne had with his comrades to launch
an operation to capture power. JR promptly informed the Prime
Minister and created further divisions between his enemies, the
SLFP and the JVP who were already divided by imperialism. By
this time the LSSP-CP-Communist coalition supporters realised
who their political enemy was. J.R. made Sirimavo believe he was
who saved her life from the insurgents by tipping her about
JVPís clandestine plans to capture her and got in to her good
Following the results of the 1982 referendum J.R.
postponed the general election due in 1983 till 1989. Rohana
Wijeweera filed action against the referendum and it was
rejected by the court. With the 1982 referendum he became the
strongman among the weaklings in the political arena. Mrs.
Bandaranaike couldnít contest as she was deprived of her civic
rights after the trap laid by J.R. Hector Kobbekaduwa contested
from the trouble ridden SLFP and came second polling 2548434
with a percentage of 39.07% Rohana Wijeweera came third polling
273428 with a percentage of 4.19%. The UNP polled 3450811 votes
with a percentage of 52.91%. J.R. knew what Wijeweeraís
intentions were. SLFP had gone into deep slumber and would not
be able to return to big time politics for a long time. But the
question whether Wijeweera was trying to fill the vacuum created
by the SLFP was always haunting JRís mind. He knew the
capabilities of Wijeweera and thought his entering parliament
would be a headache , thus he turned the general election to a
referendum to eliminate "Rohan from the political scene.
In the 1977 election UNP won a majority of 140
seats with the SLFP only 8 seats. With the help of the 5/6
majority his party received J.R. created the executive
Under the powers vested in him he appointed a
special Presidential Commission to try the former Premier on
charges of abusing power. Rohana Wijeweera was one of the
witnesses at this inquiry against Mrs. Bandaranaike.
"I concluded that both, the Peking wing and the
Moscow wing of the Communist party in Sri Lanka were not
communist oriented and decided to form a new communist party in
line with the social ethos of society that existed then.
At a political rally in Anuradhapura JR vowed to
roll the political map of Sri Lanka. He undermined his main
political opponent Sirimavo with the help of Wijeweera and took
a further step on the political chess board to fulfil his
ambition of removing Wijeweera from the scene.He was informed on
the night of 23 July 1983 that 13 soldiers of the Armyís four
bravo surveillance team were killed in a bomb explosion in
Jaffna by the Tamil separatists.
This news spread like wild fire on 24 July , the
day the bodies were brought to Kanatte, Borella the crowds went
berserk and a curfew was declared. The government proscribed the
LSSP and the JVP accusing them of promoting the unlawful acts on
that day. The troubles were created by the UNP thugs J.R. who
released Wijeweera from jail in 1977 banned him in 1983 from
In order to fulfill these objectives I decided
to establish a workers party in Sri Lanka.
J.R. and the UNP were accused of being CIA
agents by the communist partyís official organ "Aththa"
and one of its issues had that "The í71 insurgency was a CIA
trap." JRís political witch hunting continued with success while
Sirimavo the government took repressive measures against the
On March 12 night police arrested Lal Somasiri
and Uhana Prematillake at the latterís residence while Kelly
Senanayake and Wijeweera were also arrested when they were
approaching Prematilakeís residence. On March 16 the government
declared emergency effective from 5 p.m. under the national
security act and emergency powers. On the following day
addressing the nation Prime Minister Sirimavo Bandaranaike
disclosed about the insurgency to the public.
J.R. entertained ideas of getting a 5/6th
majority at the next general election as well. With the
deprivation of her civic rights Mrs. Bandaranaike lost her
parliamentary seat as well and the SLFP was divided into
factions. Even under these circumstances J.R. never favoured a
parliamentary election, but opted for a referendum to extend the
term of the government. When asked why he opted for a referendum
when he had the good chance to win a general election his answer
was that that we will definitely win a parliamentary election
,but then Rohan, Wickramabahu and Vijaya Kumaratunga will enter
parliament and that will be troublesome. Here he had referred to
Wijeweera as Rohan.
J.R. who saved Sirimavo from Wijeweera and his
allies this time with the support of Wijeweera assassinated her
political career thus continuing with his political witch
J.R. who was on the verge of being thrown out
from the political firmament was able to make a come back thanks
to the í71 insurgency. The political journey he commenced ended
after he was crowned the "king." and was intoxicated with power
.By this time the masses started hating him and his style of
governance. J.R. and the UNP which came to power in 1977
promising a righteous society" became a pawn of imperialism and
betrayed the country. The anti imperialist forces were further
divided by the í71 insurgency . Although there were differences
among them they were not matters that could not be reconciled.
But those differences proved a fertile ground for a shrewd
politician like J.R. to win political gains. By his proscription
of the JVP in 1983 the country lost over 100,000 lives and
billions of rupees as a result of the insurrection in 1988-1989.
Although Mrs B who was deprived of her civic
rights she contested the presidential elections in 1988 but
didnít create an impact. The Presidency was won by Ranasinghe
Premadasa of the UNP. Mrs Bandaranaike was re-elected as an MP
at the 1989 general elections. But by 1994 alien forces had
"killed" her political career. Instead the Sri Lanka Mahajana
Party a tool of the imperialist forces crept into the SLFP
weakening Mrs. Bandaranaike position and her policies. By this
time the JVP was making a come back. It didnít use itís old name
even by 1995 and under cover of the Sri Lanka Progressive Party
won one seat contesting under the flower vase symbol.
J.R. Jayewardene , dubbed as the agent of the
imperialists capitalised on the differences between these two
parties and controlled the political chess board.
The UNP leaders highlighted the murder of beauty
queen Premawathi Manamperi on political platforms and the
difficulties people faced such as the rice and chillie barriers
and the era of queues. Those factors assured an overwhelming
victory for the UNP. In the same manner that J.R. got in to the
good books of Sirimavo by tipping her about the JVP insurrection
, he made plans to get into the good books of the JVP as well.
As he came to power J.R. pardoned and released Wijeweera and
others in prison convicted of trying to overthrow the legally
Rohana Wijeweera explained the factors that led
to the formation of the Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna (JVP) on the
Vesak full moon day of 1965. The JVP left an indelible mark in
the political history of Sri Lanka six years after the party was
established and was responsible for the insurrection.Thirty-Four
years after the insurrection the JVP won 41 parliamentary seats
of which two were offered to itís ally SLFP , thus having 39
seats in Parliament.
Prime Minister Sirimavo Bandaranaike was able to
stall the 1962 coup staged by the top brass of the armed forces
who belonged to the Christian faith as she was accidentally
tipped off by one of her faithfuls about the impending danger.
The biggest challenge she faced after the coup was the
insurgency in 1971. She came to power at the 1971 hustings on
the pledge that the accent on development of the country should
be on homegrown policies and carried out a political campaign
against imperialism and a non-aligned policy was promoted. The
government promoted the nationalisation of private enterprise
and wanted to free the masses from the clutches of the
multinational companies who were fleecing them. Mrs.
Bandaranaike introduced a new industrial development policy.
This is an extract of a statement by Wijeweera
Patabendige Don Nandasiri alias Nandasiri Wijeweera to CID
Inspector P. V. W. de Silva at the CID headquarters on 16 April
1970 to augment the national industries. This policy also
facilitated the import of raw materials required for the
indigenous industries from abroad. In 1970 alone Bandaranaike
government started 20 state corporations to make Sri Lanka an
independent country .
What is the destiny of this party?
What manifests from the evidence by Wijeweera
was that the JVP was against neo colonialism and imperialism.
The end result of the 1971 insurgency was the shrewdest
politician in Sri Lanka J. R. Jayewardene took charge of the
countryís political chess board thanks to the í71 insurgency.
When Mrs. Bandaranaike gave evidence before the
commission she asked why the government was reluctant to proceed
in a normal court of law. The reason was to prevent his
political enemies from governing in future. The Presidential
Commission deprived Mrs. Bandaranaike of her civic rights for a
period of seven years.
Wijeweerea was sentenced to life imprisonment by
the Criminal Justice Commission headed by Chief Justice H. N. G.
Fernado on the charge of conspiring to overthrow Her Majestyís
government. A large number of youth who took part in the
insurgency were imprisoned while many died of police fire.
That operation which was headed by Piyasiri
Kularatne was named "Rosmead Operation." The security forces
couldnít arrest Kularatne. A Senior Security Forces official
informed the Prime Minister they captured the leader of the
group who planned to assassinate her. She ordered the officer to
bring the youth before her. Perhaps what the Prime Minister had
in mind was to talk to a restive youth .
But she couldnít believe her eyes when the youth
was brought before her by the security forces men and she
quickly covered her face with her hand and told them to take him
back, not because she was angry with him, but because the
security forces personnel had "meted out justice to him" and he
couldnít stand on his feet and had to be aided by two people on
either side. He was badly assaulted and had just covered himself
with a skimpy cloth. This was not something that Mrs.
He was in a cell at the Welikade prison and was
called by the other inmates as "Rosmead Amare." "Rosmead Amare"
devoted most his time to reading and was in deep thought. The
JVPers following their leader Rohana Wijeweera kept their hair
unkempt. But Amare liked to dress well and to have his hair well
combed. This man is today the JVP leader Somawansa Amerasinghe.
fled the country
Amerasinghe who was on his way to the Ulapane
residence of the late leader of the JVP Rohana Wijeweera turned
back when he saw army vehicles moving towards Ulapane estate to
arrest the JVP leader. Amaresinghe who fled the country during
this period returned to the island in 2002.
Amerasinghe said in 1970 he was ready to help
the SLFP to implement the United Front manifesto.
JVP staged an insurrection in 1971 against the
United Front policy accusing the LSSP and the Communist party of
betraying the revolution by accepting four portfolios in the
1970 United Front government. Somawansa Amaerasinghe who played
a pivotal role in the aborted coup to capture the Prime Minister
,after 20 years now urges the SLFP to implement the policies
against which the JVP earlier campaigned vehemently.
Whatís reason for this change of policy.
Somawansa Amerasinghe wants to save the country
from disaster by accepting four portfolios although Wijeweera
said the LSSP and the Communist party betrayed their struggle
earlier by accepting four portfolios.
There are imperialists and NGOís working to
remove the JVP from the alliance government by bribing people.
Some deputy ministers who have become slaves to bribes and
foreign trips have become pawns of this sinister campaign.
The plan of the SLFP alias Sinhala Mahajana
Pakshaya which has got rid of the policies of Mrs. Bandaranaike
is to help Tamil separatism like in the past.JVP has become a
headache to the allies of the SLMP, LSSP and Communist party and
the card carrying leftist imperialist parties.
If the JVP does not cause problems like in 1971
but face the cultural, political and economic invasion by the
imperialists, it will be a historic feat by the JVP.
With the forces of the Sangha, Govi and Gurus the JVP will be
able to bring prosperity to the country by shedding itís marxist
tag. It was imperialism that gained by the JVPís 1971 decision
using Marxism against imperialism and Indian expansionism.
Looking at todayís state of the revolutionaries of 1971 itís
quite evident that Marxism has today become a slave of
imperialism. Today the worst enemy of imperialism is nationalism
and itís high time Somawansa Amarasignhe realised the folly of
trying to find solutions to imperialism through Marxism.