Famous cricketer acquitted of murdering wife after long ordeal
60th anniversary of Sathasivam murder trialOctober 8, 2011, 7:58 pm
by K K S Perera
The sun shone brightly with the fresh ocean breeze cleansing the morning air across ‘Jayamangalam’ at No. 7, St. Alban’s Place. It was Tuesday , 9th October in 1951, exactly 60 years ago.
The gravel lane off the busy Galle Road, sloped towards the beach at Bambalapitiya. A few yards away from the Police Station to the north was ‘Jayamangalam’ where the most sensational murder of the 20th century where the famous cricketer, M. Sathasivam stood accused of killing his wife, had been committed.
What followed was an investigation and a sensational trial that held national attention. Sathasivam who was committed to stand trial before a special jury at the Western Assizes presided over by Mr. Justice E.F.N. Gratiaen was acquitted by a unanimous verdict with three prosecution witnesses sentenced to jail for perjury. The famous cricketer, defended by Dr. Colvin. R. de Silva, left court a free man after 20 months in remand.
It was a gripping and a sad tale from the beginning to its gruesome end, filled with drama, intrigue and love. Did Sathasivam, raised his right foot up one & a half feet and stamp it down on his wife’s neck as testified by the domestic, William, who turned crown witness? Did He trample the throat of the lady, already strangled and breathing her last on the floor of their bedroom?
Their two small daughters, two and four years of age, were the only other occupants of the house at the time was reported to have told a neighbour that "Mummy is not well and is sleeping in the garage".
She rushed there immediately to witness a dreadful sight; Mrs. Sathasivam was lying face upwards with a mortar placed on her neck. Their loyal domestic, Podihamy, who came home around that time in the afternoon accompanying the two older girls aged six and nine from St. Bridget’s, took the mortar away, checked the pulse and broke-down near the lifeless body of her mistress.
In a strange turn of events the IGP, Sir Richard Aluvihare, who himself got involved in the investigation ignored norm and appointed Professor de Saram, Head of Forensic Medicine, Peradeniya, to conduct the post mortem by-passing the JMO, Dr. P S Gunawardene. Prof. de Saram refusing any assistance from the JMO, declared the cause of death as strangulation and that the victim had been in a standing position while the strangler had been behind her.
This version favored the theory that William the 18 year old domestic servant had committed the crime inside the kitchen. However, the girl of four years told Podihamy that daddy carried mummy and put her in the garage, quite natural for her age but, failed to repeat same at the next day’s inquest.
In the late 1940’s long before Sri Lanka (or Ceylon) got test status, international cricket was played against visiting teams from England, Australia and West Indies, whenever they stopped over in Colombo, on their way to and from Australia. When the all conquering Australians arrived here led by the legendary Sir Donald Bradman in 1949, Ceylon was captained by Sathasivam who had been considered to be among the finest batsmen in the world of that time by renowned cricketers including Sir Donald himself.
The defence argued that, when Mrs. Sathasivam came to the kitchen, William was scraping coconut. The lady had bent down to pick a few scrapings of coconut and commented that it was coarse Her husband, the cavalier batsman had just left in a ‘Quickshaw’ taxi. The time was around 10.30. The taxi driver in his evidence said that Mrs. Sathasivam came to the door to see her husband off.
According to the reconstruction of the crime by the eminent forensic scientist Sir Sydney Smith, specially flown down from England by the defence and who happened to be the teacher of Professor de Saram at Edinburgh, William, a resident of Matara employed only 11 days earlier without any references, had got sexually excited on seeing her in flimsy clothes (she had wrapped a saree over a petticoat) and attacked her.
She was wearing her ‘thalikodi,’ the gold necklace of seven sovereigns. He would have thought ‘there will be valuable jewellery in the house and cash too… a good opportunity for me, and was impelled by the demon within his soul to act immediately. Did he grasp the lady from behind, strangle her with both hands and then pull the body into the garage through the narrow door-way connecting the kitchen and the garage and finally trample her neck and place the heavy wooden mortar over her face before running away with the loot?
Or was it her husband, one of the most renowned cricketers ever produced by Sri Lanka, the Captain of the Ceylon cricket team and the father of her four children, who failing to persuade her to withdraw the divorce case she had filed, had decided to kill her inside their bedroom around 9.30 on that fateful morning?
Both, the husband and William were arrested on suspicion. The husband was taken in the same evening and the servant nine days later at his home town off Matara. Forensic experts say in most strangling cases, invariably they would find scratch marks and minor wounds in the hands and sometimes in the face of the assassin. On William’s hands and face they found such marks 10 to 12 days later. There were no such tell-tale marks on Sathasivam.
Paripoornam Anandam Rajendra, the granddaughter of Sir Ponnambalam Ramanathan, the national freedom fighter, married Sathasivam in 1941. She inherited valuable property. However, her married life was not happy with her filing divorce action after the birth of her eldest daughter. However this action was later withdrawn on intervention of family members. Satha, although a fine cricketer, did not earn the kind of big bucks cricketers of his ability now do; nor was he seriously employed in any job or profession. He was totally dependent on his mother and his wife for his extravagant life style.
A few months before, while Sathasivam was holidaying in England, she wrote two letters to him which revealed her miserable position, a few experts say, . .
. . . . but through sheer desperation and bitterness I put my pen….You are not going to be ‘henpecked’, but why torture me ?. . I will release you from the bond. . .because you want something better than me to take about, that you leave me at home and. . .You want gaiety and variety. . . Silver Fawn, dancing, playing cards, ‘giving lifts’, drinking, playing mixed games, I cannot bear." . . ".four walls and money will build a house,..but it needs a loving and happy wife to make home. ..,
Sathasivam was constantly under pressure from his partner in a clandestine affair, beautiful Yvonne Stevenson, to divorce his wife and marry her. But when Anandam’s lawyers Mack & Mack sent summons, the previous day i.e. on October 8, in a divorce action, he realized that he will be compelled to pay alimony and maintenance for the children apart from losing his share of her estate. In a final attempt on reconciliation Satha went into ‘Jayamangalam’ late in the night and spent the night there.
Unlike today, in those days sports was a privilege of the elite and was confined to Colombo. Top sportsmen belonged to a powerful ‘clubbing’ class. In cricketing parlance, Satha was endowed with a plenty of top class ‘players’ to advise him.
There were marked gaps in the strength of the defence and the prosecution at the trial. In a remarkable parallel, ‘the physically fit and strong six-foot Satha’s might overpower the weak and ‘undernourished’ wife Anandam. As per William’s evidence under oath, when she lay helpless face upwards on the floor of their bedroom, Satha’s left knee pressed hard against the right side of her chest, right arm and shoulder. He squeezed her neck in a tight grip using both hands with the right and left thumbs pressing deeply into her throat,
Responding to his command, "Allapan yakko" (hold it you devil) William said he held down the body of the struggling woman, leaving only her right hand free, which she used to scratch the arm and face of William in her pathetic defense during the first two or three minutes of the tragedy that lasted only a few minutes as re-enacted in the open court in a physical demonstration by William.
When William was arrested in Matara and taken to the Police station, a senior officer convinced William to accept responsibility for the crime. His first statement to the police was on those lines. William later became a crown witness, under a conditional pardon. In his address to the jury, the learned Judge used his skill to point out vital ‘doubt’ factors.
Only the two eminent surgeons, Professors Paul and Pieris, maintained their professional dignity, but they had little say; their findings which favoured the prosecution were dispatched to boundary with ease.
Dr. Colvin R de Silva, who led the defence paid a political price for Sathasivam’s acquittal when he contested his Wellawatte-Galkissa seat at a general election a few months after the acquittal.The popular and charismatic LSSPer was canvassing down Auburnside, Dehiwala, when a lady told him, ``at this rate, none of us will be safe in our beds.’’ Colvin’s rejoinder was "madam, that is an indictment on your husband."
Dr Colvin won the case but lost the seat!
The defence used medical opinion to prove that the death occurred after 10.30 am. If it was before, then Satha was in the house, otherwise it was William who had killed her. Next was to determine the place of murder; was it in the bedroom or in the kitchen? And lastly, how were the injuries caused? All this added to the element of doubt.
Author of a book on famous murder cases, Justice A C Alles, in his book, under the chapter, ‘Sathasivam murder...’, referring to Sir Sydney Smith says, ",. . . There appears to be some serious difficulties in accepting his reconstruction of crime which was based chiefly on non-medical grounds".
Prof Sydney Smith was was on the losing side in the famous ‘Sydney Fox Case’ in England. Sir Bernard Spilsbury, the forensic expert, successfully challenged him, when Smith declared that the death was due to heart failure and not due to strangulation. The jury rejecting his opinion found the accused guilty of murdering his mother.
Sir Sydney gave many pages in his autobiography, "Mostly Murder" to the Sathasivam Case, reiterating the fact that she died around 11.30 and William was the murderer.
William, in his evidence stated, It was not the lady but Sathasivam who after an argument upstairs, (William said he heard the sound of a commotion), who came down into the kitchen around 9 o’clock and wanted the boy to help him work out his plan. Did Sathasivam hold the frightened William by his hand and lead him up to the bedroom upstairs, briefing him about his plans and why he intended commiting the crime. William pleaded with the master to release him; he was even prepared to forego the salary of 11 days and run away. Sathasivam tightened the grip on his wrist, promised him jewelry worth a lot and some cash.
According to William, As they entered the bedroom the lady was seated on the bed; in a flash Sathasivam grabbed her by the hair with his left hand and held the throat by the right hand, dragging her down to the floor.
The master removed the thalikody, two bangles and the diamond studded ring and gave them as promised along with a few rupee notes taken from the wife’s hand bag. Did Sathasivam deliberately get William’s help in executing his plan, to create that vital element of doubt that ultimately helped him to be free?
Sathasivam who became legal heir to one-half of his murdered wife’s estate, migrated abroad, married his long time sweet-heart Yvonne and continued his cricket, setting another world record, captaining three countries, Ceylon, Malaysia and Singapore.
Delivering the key note address at annual Medico-Legal Society’s meeting at New Town Hall in 1984, Dr Colvin R de Silva emphasized the theory that it was ‘William who killed the lady’. He was speaking On "Circumstantial Evidence" (the writer was in the audience).
1 Sathasivam murder trial—Justice A C Alles 1980
2 A Murder in Ceylon—- Prof Ravindra Fernando 2006
3 Law reports
4 Ceylon Daily News —- 10/10/1951 to 26/6/1953
5 Times of Ceylon —- -do-
6 Mostly Murder -1959 - Sir Sydney Smith—-Prof in Forensic Medicine –Edinburgh-UK
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